动名词有哪些(分词和动名词的区别)

动名词既有动词的性质,也有名词的性质,所以称为动名词。 )归根结底动名词的词类是名词。 )

动名词的动词性质可以如下构成动名词句

myjobisarrangingtheagendaformyboss。

我的工作是为上司制定日程。

ifinishedtheprojectinamonthbyworkingovertime。

我在加班一个月内完成了这个项目。

动名词的名词性质表明,在文中可以用作主语、宾语等,如下所示。

studyingabroadcanbeagoodexperience。

留学是很好的经历。 “作主语”

I regret telling her the truth (二进制遥测者信道)。

我后悔告诉了她事实。 作为宾语

动名词的主动形式: doing

动名词的被动形式: being done

动名词的复合结构:形容词性物主代词/名词所有格/名词/宾格人称代词动名词

在动名词复合结构中,物主代词和名词所有格是动名词的逻辑主语,该复合结构多用作主语和宾语,也可用作表语和介词宾语。 以动名词短语为宾语,置于动词或介词之后时,名词所有格或所有代词可分别用名词普通格或人称代词宾格代替。 示例:

she suggested us组合海姆。

她建议我们原谅他。 作为宾语

hisnotknowingenglishbroughthimalotofinconvenience。

他不懂英语,这给他添了很多麻烦。 “作主语”

oronlyworryiszydjz’soverestimatinghimself。

我们唯一担心的是乔治高估了他自己。 (发表意见)

istronglyobjecttoyourdeliveringthespeech。

我强烈反对你说话。 (作介词宾语) ) )。

以动名词为主语

电子仓库is very useful (用户体验)。

复述故事很有用。

超级注册用户。

她的辞职吓了我们一跳。

在一些句子中,it经常用作形式主语,将动名词放在句子后面。 这样的句型如下

1 )名词doing sth,如itis nouse/no good/no fun/a great pleasure/Awasteoftime等。

IT IS无谷歌攀岩。

哭没有好处。

IT没有使用固定。

修理也没用。

it防火墙漫游。

旅行很有趣。

itisawasteoftimeplayingcomputergames。

玩电脑游戏是浪费时间。

2 ) it is用户点击开关。

国际电信联盟。

哭也没用。

将动名词作为表语

seeing is拜耳文。

百闻不如一见。

我的idea is市场计划第一。

我的想法是先制定计划。

以动名词为宾语

动名词既可以是动词宾语,也可以是介词宾语,例如:

ihaven ' tfinishedreadingtoday ' s新闻杂志。

我还没看今天的报纸。 (动名词reading成为动词finish的宾语) ) )。

I'm afraid of going to the dentist,我想我该怎么办?

我害怕去看牙医。 (动名词going成为介词of的宾语) ) )。

动名词组成定语

iwouldliketochooseahousewithaswimmingpool。

我想选带游泳池的房子。

动名词成为介词的宾语,可以被名词所有格(或所有代词)修饰的不定式通常不作介词宾语,不得被名词所有格(或物主代词)修饰。

sheisafraidofgoingtothedentist.(

sheisafraidoftogotothedentist.() )。

她害怕去看牙医。

固定的使用方法

1 )有些动词后来只能使用动名词。 常见的这类动词有admit、avoid、consider、delay、deny、enjoy、escape、finish、include、keep、miss、stop、suggg

I enjoy dancing.(√)

l enjoy to dance.(×)

我喜欢跳舞。

2)某些动词后只能加不定式,常见的此类动词有:agree,ask,claim,choose,decide,demand,determine,expect,fail,hope,manage,offer,promise,quit,refuse,resolve,wish 等,如:

l decide to quit smoking.(√)

l decide quitting smoking.(X)

我决定戒烟。

3)某些动词后面既可加动名词也可加不定式,常她的此类动词有:attempt,begin,continue,deserve,fear,forget,help,intend,learn,like,love,mean,need,prefer,regret,remember,start,try等,如:

She cannot help crying.她不禁哭了起来。

She cannot help to cook.她不能帮忙做饭。

1. consider doing sth. 考虑做某事

I consider waiting a bit longer before I give up.

2. practice doing sth. 练习做某事

practice doing this type of breathing several times per day.

3. imagine doing sth. 想象做某事

I can't imagine marrying such a woman.

4. finish doing sth. 完成做某事

Let's finish doing the work together.

5. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

My father has given up smoking.

6. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

I enjoy playing basketball.

7. keep doing sth. 一直做某事

I kept studying English for 1 hour yesterday evening.

8. put off doing sth. 推迟做某事

Sometimes students put off doing their homework until the last minute.

9. admit doing sth. 承认做某事

He admitted making the mistake.

10. suggest doing sth. 建议做某事

I suggest traveling abroad next month.

11. risk doing sth. 冒险做某事

To win the gamble,he risked losing 100 dollars.

12. advise doing sth. 建议做某事

He advises going to see a movie.

13. allow doing sth. 允许做某事

We don't allow smoking in the classroom.

14. avoid doing sth. 避免做某事

Try to avoid drinking and smoking.

15. appreciate doing sth. 感谢做某事

We shall appreciate hearing from you again.

16. delay doing sth. 拖延做某事

Why have you delayed writing to him

17. deny doing sth. 否认做某事

John denied signing the contract.

18. escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事

He escaped being killed.

19. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

He dislikes dancing in public.

20. discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事

I like to discuss doing sports with my friends.

21. excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事

He can't excuse coming late for work.

22. fancy doing sth. 想象/喜爱做某事

Are you fancy buying some food with me?

23. mind doing sth. 介意做某事

Would you mind opening window?

24. mention doing sth. 提及做某事

He mentioned watching TV.

25. forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事

They forbid parking here.

26. miss doing sth. 错过做某事

The thief missed being caught yesterday.

27. prohibit doing sth. 禁止/阻止做某事

The new rules prohibit smoking.

28. permit doing sth. 允许做某事

We do not permit smoking in the office.